Mount Arafat is a granite hill located to the east of Mecca, in Saudi Arabia. Located in the desert, the rocky outcrop of Mount Arafat is an important site in Islam, as it is said that the prophet Muhammad made his last speech on the hill, delivering a sermon to those Muslims who had followed him to Mecca for the Hajj.
It is an important site in the pilgrimage to Mecca for the annual Hajj – pilgrims spend a day here in prayer and asking forgiveness for their sins. It can be a spectacular sight as millions of people head to Mount Arafat, many of them having camped overnight in the valley below the hill.
Mount Arafat reaches about 70 metres in height and is surrounded by the Plain of Arafat.